Friday, December 30, 2011

What Ails India and Remedies Thereof

There could be a never ending list of what ails India but on the top of the list is the insincerity and lack of will on the part of the legislature and executive to remedy the causes. This is reflected everywhere, be it the governance, economics or politics. Every action on the part of polity in the country is done keeping only one thing in mind and that is how to keep the government intact and how to ensure the government's future. No doubt this has to be the sole object of a political party but then there has to be a limit to compromising your policies and political agenda. in no case resorting to dubious means for economic empowerment of the party, its cadres, stooges, cronies and clout can be allowed.
Politics, Economics and Governance
The basic principle adopted in Indian Governance both by the union and states all through has been to keep politics above economics.Strangely the rulers in the country have refused to realise that good economics and good politics could co exist through good economics with far better results both in politics and economics. The political class of this country in entirety is very vocal in its concern for the country's economic, political and military power as also for the social and economic upliftment of the weaker section and poor masses but strangely precious little is being done in this regard. The subsidies, freebies, reservations and quotas doled out have been nothing but vote bank politics with the sole purpose of garnering votes in the name of a community, caste, religion etc. etc.. without reality doing anything substantive for the community. There are about 500 million people below poverty line i.e. about 200 million adults. Indian polity is noble and benevolent enough to see that they have a stomach which needs to be filled up but fail to see their two hands which are a big asset to any country if put to constructive use. They can as well do away with all subsidies and doles and provide them a job for 25 days a month and further do value addition to their earning power by training them to become painters, drivers,plumbers,electricians,masons etc and strengthen blue collar worker's club which will be a laudable step in the development of the country and unskilled workers. These people will then walk with their heads high and they will be in a position to provide medical care, education and other basic amenities to their wards.
Governance and Corruption
No amount of laws can weed out corruption till such time the nation has a will to do so. We all know "Where there is a will There is a way" If there is will to mitigate corruption there are plenty of ways of doing it and if otherwise there are plenty of ways of not doing it. Somehow our ruling classes have taken a fancy to the latter, for the country has enough laws and enough powers vested with the executive to take care of graft, corruption and black money. All that is needed is good intentions and proper operationalising of these laws.Good intentions and good governance can control corruption to a large extent which is responsible for:

  • Reducing India's tax collections by almost 50%
  • Adding up to 50% in annual black money generation
  • Escalating  maintenance costs by minimum 200% annually
  • 30% Loss of revenue from sale of electricity
  • Adding 50% to nation's subsidy bill
Judiciary and Investigating Agencies
Strengthening both organs by the desired extent so that any legal case does not take more than 2-3 years starting from lower courts to high court/ supreme court as the case may be.
Monitoring different asset classes
Devise and adopt a mechanism so that the total assets of any citizen comprising of land and real estate, gold, shares, and bank deposits etc. are available at the end of each financial year on the click of a computer button along with his income and tax deposits
Doing away with discretionary powers of executive
Discretionary powers no doubt are the essence of any administrative schedule but in India they are always used with ulterior motives and hidden agenda. In the light of this all discretionary powers should be done away with in all commercial matters, allocation of immovable assets, doles in the form of extensions and after retirement appointments, for in a country of 1 billion plus there is no dearth of qualified and competent experts from within the active serving people. The nation may suffer in a few genuine meritorious cases but controlling motivated wrong doings in more than 99% cases will perhaps be a significant step in graduating to bad governance from the existing corrupt and motivated governance.