Tuesday, April 17, 2012

ENERGY SECURITY : INDIAN SOLUTION

Energy security is the key concern with all nations whether developed, developing or under developed in the light of the fact because of following.

  • Energy needs are growing day by day.
  • Amongst conventional energy sources viz Hydro potential is limited all over  world though it is an absolutely clean source of energy. Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Energy have a limited availability, may be for another five to six decades and have major associated problems.( Environmental in case of fossil fuel based energy and devastating, catastrophic long persisting accident risks in case of nuclear energy)
It is therefore mandatory for the mankind to seek energy security from renewable sources like hydro, solar, wind, tides and geothermal which are clean and almost eternal. Since every nation is uniquely placed with respect to availability of these sources on its soil, energy security solution will also be different for each nation and will be country centric. India cannot blindly follow what US, Germany, Japan and others are doing. It has to devise its own strategy for adopting the right mix of various renewable energies depending on their availabilities region wise.
  • For north India comprising of Indo Gangetic plain and covering Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar  Pradesh,  Uttrakhand,  Bihar,  Bengal etc. energy security  solution  with a mix of hydro, solar and wind power is within the realm of possibility for per capita power consumption equal to that of advanced western nations.
  • For North East the solution lies totally in the use of hydro electric potential of the region.
  • Coastal India comprising of Orissa, Andhra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa etc. can rely totally on hydro and wind energy for energy security solution.
  • Central India along with Rajsthan and Gujerat should harness all their solar and wind energy potential for an eternal solution to their energy security.
National Grid
Since the transmission and distribution losses of 35-40% are a big drain on power production and cost an out of the box solution requiring minimal transmission will be an enormous asset in building an energy security solution. This is possible only through having small power production centres. Incidentally such requirements can easily be met with use of on site solar and wind power generation without compromising on the capital cost, production cost or efficiency of power generation in any way.The grid application can be limited to major hydroelectric power sources and Thar Desert solar power ultra ultra mega power generation hub for the use of railways and big cities which already have and are likely to have metro rail in future..